Tambo Upper

abt 1900


abt 1905

The Rawson & Redenbach Families

Out of Gippsland

Annie Irwin Cairnes (b 1864) 

The fifth child of William Bellingham Cairnes (b 1832) and Elizabeth Matthews, Annie married Josiah Pitman in September 1889 in the Murray River town of Yarrawonga.

Information about their first born child, Annie Eileen Pitman is here.


This is Annie Irwin Cairnes in 1884.
The photo comes from
the blog of Linda Cairnes.

There were three other children of whom the only other information I have is that  that Jessie Cairnes Pitman (b 1895) probably married a man with the surname Ward, and that they may have had a daughter named Patricia.  There are some photos of Jessie in the gallery below, and of their third child, Frederick William Robert Pitman (b 1897), but of the fourth child, Josiah Arthur Pitman (b 1901) I have nothing.

This stunning early photograph of Annie
and Josiah
was provided by Patricia Hunt.

William Bellingham Cairnes (b 1832) 


In his own words he was the "Youngest ...... son of Captain Montgomery CAIRNES, late 60th Rifles, and 81st Regiment, Dublin, Ireland, and of Theresa, 4th and youngest daughter of William HOLMES, M.D., Quebec, Canada."

William Bellingham Cairnes was born in Dublin in 1832. He married Elizabeth Matthews at Castlemaine, Victoria, Australia, when she was 15 years old.

In 1862 it looks like he was an undertaker in Castlemaine, (the source for this is Trove Newspaper Clippings), and insolvent, for a time at least. He then became "one of the principal merchants in that Colony (ie Victoria) and a magistrate of both Victoria and New South Wales".

His Will is dated 14 November 1919, and at the time of preparation he had moved from Yarrawonga to Geelong, where he was a Timber Merchant. In Geelong he lived at 436 Ryrie Street. PROV records say he died on 19 March 1923 but my other information has him dying on 15 March 1922. It seems that his wife Elizabeth was ill for a long time (little wonder - she had 15 children) and the move to Geelong was to get her near the sea air, but they did move back to Yarrawonga before she died. Maybe William died in Yarrawonga as well.

He was also a Trustee of the Moama Common in 1877, and a Trustee of the Wesleyan part of the general cemetery at Moama in 1879. (Trove Newspaper Clippings).

William Bellingham Cairnes

The fifth child of William and Elizabeth was Annie Irwin Cairnes.

Their daughter Theresa Holmes Cairnes married John Maxwell McKay on 22 May 1883, in Yarrawonga, and information on Alan Bellingham Cairnes (b 1880) comes mostly via his Service Record.

The following tribute to WB Cairnes appears in the Trove Newspaper Clippings of 20 March 1923.

"By the death of Mr William Bellingham Cairnes, which occurred at Burreel private hospital, Elsternwick, on Sunday, Yarrawonga has lost one of its oldest pioneers and most interesting personalities. Mr Cairnes, who was born in Dublin in 1832, came to Victoria in 1854. Two years later he married Elizabeth, the only child of Robert and Mary Matthews, of Leicester, England. Mrs Cairnes died in 1909. Mr Cairnes conducted a timber and ironmongery business in Yarrawonga, where he was one of the founders of the Masonic lodge. As a young man he was regarded as one of the best marksmen in Victoria, and for many years was president of the Yarrawonga Rifle Club, which he founded. In 1878 he was appointed a justice of the peace in New South Wales, and four years later he received a similar appointment in Victoria. For many years he held the position of official assignee at Yarrawonga, and was also Government commissioner on the Shire of Yarrawonga Waterworks Trust. Mr Cairnes was the father of eight daughters and seven sons. The funeral will take place at Yarrawonga today, Messrs Raybould, of Malvern, having charge of the burial arrangements."

Alan Bellingham Cairnes (b 1880) 

Alan Bellingham Cairnes (b 1880) was the thirteenth child of William Bellingham Cairnes and Elizabeth Matthews.
I found his photo on Trove, and the Australian War Memorial provided these details:  
"First World War Embarkation Roll - Alan Bellingham Cairnes.  Service number: 2622. Rank: Private. Roll title: 58 Infantry Battalion - 6 to 9 Reinforcements (October 1916 - August 1917) Date of embarkation: 2 October 1916. Place of embarkation: Melbourne."
There is also information that at that time he was single and a bookkeeper living at 83 The Avenue, in the suburb of Coburg, and that his father, William Bellingham Cairnes, lived at 7 Bancroft St, Bendigo.  He served in 58 Battalion and was wounded in action in France on 26/9/1917.  He survived the war, and in 1923 he was at Vergemont Station near Longreach, Queensland.

Alan Bellingham Cairnes, 1916


"Portrait of A B Cairnes
This is one of a series of photographs taken by the Darge Photographic Company which had the concession to take photographs at the Broadmeadows and Seymour army camps during the First World War. In the 1930's, the Australian War Memorial purchased the original glass negatives fromAlgernon Darge, along with the photographers' notebooks.The notebooks contain brief details, usually a surname or unit name, for each negative. The names are transcribed as they appear in the note books.
Place made:  Australia: Victoria, Melbourne, Broadmeadows.  Date made: ca. 14 August 1916."

J Elliott (b 1700), J E Cairnes (b 1745) & Montgomery Cairnes (b 1789)


The first "Cairnes" in my records was not born "Cairnes". There is a book (see Cairnes Documents), completed in 1906 by HC Lawlor, that provides a very comprehensive history of the Cairnes family in Ireland, and it is fascinating to read. The section on the Cairnes in Tyrone is directly related to the Cairnes' who came to Australia.


The most interesting thing for me is that the father of John Elliott Cairnes (b 1745), started life as John Elliot (b 1700) and not as a Cairnes. One of his great uncles died without a direct heir, and the great uncle designated John Elliott, grandson of his sister, as heir, but stipulated that "he and his heirs should assume the name and arms of Cairnes".


John Elliott Cairnes married Catherine Moore and they had six children with Montgomery Cairnes (b 1789) being the fourth child. Montgomery became a Captain in the 60th Rifles, and 81st Regiment stationed in Dublin, Ireland. Montgomery married Theresa Holmes in 1817 while presumably stationed in Canada. The last of six children was William Bellingham Cairnes (b 1832). It seems his mother came to Australia after his death, probably to live with son William Bellingham Cairnes (b 1832) and his wife, Elizabeth Matthews.

By the way, for a Carlton Football Club supporter to write the name John Elliott is very very hard, believe me. The name should never again be associated with the Club.

Linda Cairnes has created a website here that provides fantastic information about the Cairnes family.

"The King's Royal Rifle Corps was a British Army infantry regiment, originally raised in North America as the Royal Americans, and recruited from North American colonists. Later ranked as the 60th Regiment of Foot, the regiment served for more than 200 years throughout the British Empire. In 1966 the regiment became the 2nd Battalion The Royal Green Jackets, a new regiment formed by the amalgamation of three existing regiments. In 2007 the battalion was part of a larger amalgamation that formed The Rifles, where the lineage of the King's Royal Rifle Corps continues as 2nd Battalion The Rifles."  See Wikipedia.





This image of Catherine Moore, wife of John Elliot Cairnes (b 1745), comes from the book by HC Lawlor, as does the image of her second child, Lt Col JE Cairnes (b 1785).